New London, Groton And Niantic CT: Go Nuclear

Ferries take off from this Thames River park in New London CT

WHY GO: Morning fog envelopes New London CT like smoke from Benedict Arnold’s deadly fires.  In 1781 America’s most noted turncoat led British troops on a raid that left this naval stronghold in cinders, destroying ships, homes and shops.  A hundred and twenty years later, young Eugene O’Neill escaped his stern father and morphine addicted mother by “disappearing” into the thick New London fog on his daily swim in the Thames River – a block from his summer home. New London is home to the country’s oldest operating Custom House where the Amistad was taken and sold in 1839, our US Coast Guard Academy, and headquarters of the company that makes the Navy’s nuclear submarines, some of which can be seen across the Thames River in Groton CT. New London also boasts a world-class art museum, Connecticut College, and large ferries that roar multiple times a day to Block Island and Greenport, NY. The USS Nautilus – the world’s first nuclear propelled submarine berthed in a museum complex alongside the Naval Base New London – is free to tour and should be a companion attraction to Mystic Seaport, just five miles away.

Beachgoers enjoy Niantic CT beach on cloudless day with nuclear power plant in background

This Getaway takes you from New London/Groton and then six miles down the Connecticut coast to Niantic, which, despite the looming Millstone Nuclear Power Plant, and a dominant train track that mars views and cuts off a tiny Main St. from beaches, was voted Connecticut’s “Fan Favorite” town in 2013.  Find out why. (Hint: it’s got one of the most beautifully set B&B’s in New England and a Brigadoon-like river and cove).  As a boating magazine destination writer who favors “gritty ports,” I choose to accentuate the positives of this patch of Connecticut – of which there are many. Come here, and it might well win you over as well.

New London CT Whale Tale Fountain

Things to do in New London, Groton, and Niantic CT

Submarine Force Museum and Library and SS Nautilus Nuclear Sub

Submarine Force Museum and Library and SS Nautilus Nuclear Sub

TOUR: Historic Nuclear Sub Nautilus and Submarine Force Library and Museum, Groton. Adjacent to the Naval Submarine Base New London, this somewhat unsung military museum and the first nuclear submarine in the world – open for self-guided tours – is a must-see on the Connecticut Coast.

Submarine Force Museum, Groton CT

Model of David Bushnell’s Turtle: America’s First Submarine 1776 at Submarine Force Museum, Groton CT

It’s no surprise that the first Nuclear Sub was built in Connecticut. The New England State has been defined by examples of Yankee Ingenuity since David Bushnell fashioned The Turtle, the world’s oldest working submarine, in 1776. A one-man underwater ship capable of diving 20 feet and attaching bombs to the hulls of British Frigates, the body of the sub was made from two hollowed Oak trunks – each looking like a turtle shell. Ergo, the name.

Polaris Missile, Submarine Force Museum, Groton CT

Polaris Missile, Submarine Force Museum, Groton CT

You’ll find a model of The Turtle among an extensive collection of missiles, control panels, submarine models and videos of submarines and their payloads throughout the museum. The 31-foot long, 35,000-pound 4-section Polaris Missile, operational from 1964-1981, is terrifying in its heft and destructive power.

USS Nautilus, World's First Nuclear Powered Submarine, Groton CT

USS Nautilus, World’s First Nuclear Powered Submarine, Groton CT

But of course, you came here to descend into and walk through the tight quarters of an underwater metal tube – the USS Nautilus. (FYI – there is no wheelchair accessibility. And forget it if you are claustrophobic or have problems climbing through narrow hatches with 18” thresholds or can’t scramble up or down ladder-like stairways). If you’re OK with the above, you’ll be rewarded with an intimate look at how submarine sailors lived and worked. An audio-tour of the vessel provides a fascinating look at military life in an underwater, constricted environment.

Bridge, USS Nautilus, Groton CT

The decommissioned 700 foot long, nuclear-propelled USS Nautilus was launched in 1954. It was the very first nuclear-powered object, and the first ship in the world to cross the North Pole (August 2, 1958). After serving in developmental testing programs and in military operations alongside other subs, The USS Nautilus was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1982, and opened to the public in 1986 as part of the Submarine Force Museum.

Kitchen, USS Nautilus, Groton CT

You’ll be issued an “Audio Wand,” which activates a narrated overview of what you see in each portion of the ship. Descend 30 stairs into the Torpedo Room to begin. Each area features lifelike mannequins depicting the roles of crewmembers: from torpedo operators to chefs in the mess hall. Bunks were coffin-small though food was some of the best in the military.

Early edition of 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea, USS Nautilus, Groton CT

One of coolest “hidden gems” in the hold, on full display, is an 1892 copy of Jules Verne’s 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea. Verne’s masterful story featured a Captain named Nimo and a submarine called Nautilus – after which this ship is named.

Ship Control Panel from USS Billfish at Submarine Force Museum, Groton CT

Plan at least one and a half hours for both the museum and submarine. Admission is Free, Open Nov 1-April 30, Wed-Mon 9-4, May 1-Oct 31 Wed-Mon 9-5. If you don’t want to wait on line, come off season Winter, when you can get right on the submarine.

Downtown New London CT

DO: Walking Tour Of New London Historic Landmarks; Nearly all of New London was burned to the ground by anti-American forces led by Benedict Arnold in September, 1781. Today, relish the buildings that survived the inferno, as well as other architecturally significant structures from the mid to late 1800’s – when shipbuilding and whaling created fortunes for many – now in various states of repair. Members of New London Landmarks Commission are the enterprising guardians of these jewels, working hard to preserve buildings designed by leading architects of the day; Robert Mills (Washington Monument) and William Tuthill (Carnegie Hall) among other Colonial, Romantic and Victorian Era builders.

Timeline of Exhibit Amistad in Customs House where the ship was towed to in 1839

VISIT: Custom House Maritime Museum, New London. This granite structure played an important part in the Amistad story. Built in 1833-35 by Robert Mills (who also designed the Washington Monument), the New London Customs House (still in operation albeit with one push-button phone sitting atop an official podium) is the “oldest continuously operating Customs House in America” and has seen its share of riches, cargo, contraband and illegal slaves. In 1839, fifty-three men illegally abducted from Sierra Leone killed the captain and cook aboard the ship Amistad on its way to a Caribbean plantation.  Found tattered off of Long Island, NY, the Amistad was hauled to New London, CT. The story of this fraught ship is told in a very impressive interactive exhibit in this Custom House/Museum which also features rotating lenses from nearby lighthouses, foghorns (a school group favorite), and a collection of beautifully preserved diving helmets from the early 19th century. Open Tues-Sun 1pm-5pm daily.

Barque Eagle - US Coast Guard Training Tall Ship - in New London CT mist

VISIT: Coast Guard Academy and Museum, New London. The complicated history of the Coast Guard is well documented in this 3,500 sq. foot museum on the campus of the US Coast Guard Academy.  Discover this often forgotten branch of Homeland Security, take a campus tour and/or enjoy the view of the Thames River. Best Mavens trivia; the Tall Ship barque Eagle was built in Germany in 1936 and originally used to train Nazi naval cadets. It was confiscated by the US after WWII, and has been used ever since to train American Coast Guard cadets. Plans are afoot for a much larger, interactive museum in New London. Stay tuned for the opening of the National Coast Guard Museum sometime in the not too distant future.  Museum open Mon-Fri 9-4, Sat. 10-4, Sun. 1-4 during school year. See website for summer hours.

Egyptian Revival Fort Trumbull overlooks the submarine-studded Thames River in New London CT

VISIT: Fort Trumbull State Park, New London. The last of three forts built on this site, it was obscured by trees and dilapidated buildings until 2002.  Now, a Visitor’s Center attracts adults and kids with a real periscope and interactive kiosks allowing history-buffs to build their own forts and detect submarines.  And the fort itself – an Egyptian Revival design built between 1839 and 1852- allows marvelous views of the river.  Where else can you teach a kid about our maritime past then look outside and see a submarine go by?”

From lobby of Lyman Allyn Art Museum into American Stories Hall, New London CT

VISIT: Lyman Allyn Art Museum, New London. The 70-year-old neoclassical Lyman Allyn is set on 32 hilltop acres and showcases mostly Connecticut impressionists, art from the Hudson River School and other American artists. Don’t miss the centerpiece of “American Stories” Hall – a powerful portrait of town heroine Abigail Hinman, draped in velvet finery, holding a musket aimed at Benedict Arnold before he torched New London. With her husband away, she took it upon herself to assassinate the turncoat but at the crucial moment missed her shot, as her rifle was not loaded. $10 adults, under 12 free, Tues-Sat. 10-5, Sun. 1-5.

Exterior shot of Eugene O'Neills boyhood summer home, across from Thames River - New London CT

VISIT: Monte Cristo Cottage, New London. James O’Neill purchased this home with funds earned by starring in and buying the rights to the stage version of The Count of Monte Cristo, and it was where his son, Eugene, spent his boyhood summers. Visitors familiar with one of O’Neill’s most famous plays, “Long Days Journey Into Night” will recognize the parlor, set exactly as it is on stage and screen. $7 adults, $5 students/seniors, Memorial Day – Labor Day Thurs-Sat. 12-4, Sun. 1-3.

GO: Garde Arts Center. This exquisitely renovated Art Deco performing arts center serves up a heap of culture to this small CT River town. Coming up – Robert Cray, David Crosby, an Irish Dance Fest and Donovan in concert!

Avant-Guarde art gallery in Maritime city, New London, CT

VISIT: Hygienic Gallery, New London. Formerly an ironic “greasy spoon” café, the Hygienic now showcases avant-garde art, drawing a high concentration of pierced and tatted art aficionados.

The multi-shed and barn used book complex, Book Barn, Niantic, CT

VISIT: The Book Barn, Niantic.  Niantic is home to one of the quirkiest used book “stores” in the country, and in this Getaway Maven’s view, one of the top Offbeat Attractions on the East Coast.  The Book Barn is actually three locations – two in town and the largest just on the outskirts, its flagship location and not to be missed. Mo and Randi White started buying and selling used books 25 years ago, and their little book nook has morphed into a 500,000 used book wonderland, with goats and turtles and assemblage of whimsical buildings on several acres. The “Ellis Island” shed holds “Recent Arrivals,” while the “Haunted Barn” harbors Mystery and Horror novels. The Whites purchase around ten thousand books a week (from 11am-6pm daily; just announce the number of boxes you’re selling), and sell most for $1 to $5 each. Open daily 9am-9pm, except Thanksgiving and Christmas.

DO: Rent a Hybrid at Niantic Bay Bicycles, Niantic. Explore the wildlife-rich salt marshes and rich-human waterside mansions of Black Rock Point – a six-mile loop from the only bike-rental place in downtown Niantic. Just $30 for the day.  Or, of course, you can bring your own.

The hidden Three Belles Marina in Smith Cove, Niantic Ct - one of the prettiest hurricane holes on the East Coast

DO: Kayak on the Niantic River @ Three Belles Marina, Niantic. One of the most stunning landscapes in the country is so hidden, even Niantic residents don’t know about it.  That will change, when outsiders start discovering Smith Cove. Do yourself a favor and rent a paddle, pedal or sail kayak for a couple of hours ($25-$45) or for the day ($65-$105) and bliss out in Connecticut’s version of Brigadoon.

Terminus of 1.1 mile Niantic Bay Boardwalk in Cini Park Niantic, CT

WALK: Niantic Bay Boardwalk, Niantic. Trains wiz by on one side, beaches, the bay, Long Island Sound and the Millstone Nuclear Power Plant are on the other.  It’s rather surreal, a singular Connecticut experience, and really quite lovely any time of year.  Still under construction, the 1.1 mile boardwalk begins just under the Route 156 bridge in Cini Park and ends at Hole-In-The-Wall Beach.

BEACH IT: Rocky Neck State ParkRoll out your towel on soft sand just under the railroad bridge, just don’t bring a kite. With electric wires above the train tracks, your kite can get caught, leading to an unintentional Ben Franklin moment.

Where to Shop in New London CT and Niantic CT

original hand-painted one of a kind New London Landmarks lobster claws at Studio 33 New London CT

SHOP: Studio 33, New London. You’ll find unique painted lobster claw ornaments ($22-$50) and other locally made crafts and jewelry in this tiny frame and gift shop.

Selection of eclectic wines from small vineyards around the world in a sophisticated shop in New London, CT

SHOP/PROVISION: Thames River Wine and Spirits, Greenery and Beanery, New London. Three connected shops owned by Charlotte Hennegan and Fred Argilagos brought upscale sophistication to New London downtown over twenty years ago. The “Greenery” – a pop-artsy florist – specializes in rare Dahlia’s, which are grown specifically for this shop. The Beanery serves prepared salads and sandwiches as well as the stuff made from the “beans” – a variety of coffees. And Wine and Spirits offers an interesting selection from small producers around the world.  “I’m happy to show you $12-$15 wines that drink like $50 bottles,” says Argilagos.

Everything beachy and gifty at fun Niantic CT boutique

SHOP: Grace, Niantic. From soaps to dresses, boots to pillows, this creatively curated purveyor of shoreline goods is a great rainy-day time-sucker and the perfect place to pick up a reasonably priced tunic and a little something for your dinner host.

Dense, creamy ice-cream and penny candy in a Niantic CT sweet shop

TREAT: Gumdrops and Lollipops, Niantic. The cold stuff at Gumdrops and Lollipops is some of the most dense, creamy ice cream on earth, and perfect as a take-along to the beach right behind its parking lot.

Casual coffee and lunch spot in New London CT historic building on Bank St.

Best Restaurants and Coffee Shops in New London CT and Niantic CT

COFFEE/EAT: Muddy Waters Cafe, New London. Might well be a stage set for Friends, this coffee house/ lunch and dinner place is chock a block with smushy couches, chairs and cocktail tables.  Sit on the outside deck overlooking train tracks, city piers and Thames River. A popular hangout for Connecticut College kids and faculty.

COFFEE: Washington Street Coffee House, New London. A bit off the beaten track, it’s got rough plank floors, a funky vibe, an eclectic menu (BBQ? Goat Cheese Tacos?) and according to some locals “the best coffee in Connecticut.” Open less than a year, the raves have already begun, with some visitors swearing to return just for a Washington St. cuppa joe.

picnic tables of fried New England fare hotspot, Captain Scotts on New London CT docks

EAT: Captain Scott’s Lobster Dock, New London. Capt’n Scott’s is a New London institution – a picnic-table hotspot beloved by locals and tourists, too. Named after the man who built the Race Rock Lighthouse in 1871, members of the Scott family have owned this really tough to find place for the last two decades, and it still radiates the best of deep fryer New England. Cup of Chowder $3.50, Fish Sandwich $6.75, Oyster Roll $9.95.  Open seasonally.

EAT/BREAKFAST: The Shack, Niantic/East Lyme. On the far side of I-95, and a few miles from Niantic downtown, locals flock to this breakfast spot for huge portions of fantastic from-scratch food – the decadent cornbread in particular.

 EAT: Café Sol, Niantic. Fresh salads, organic coffee and innovative sandwiches in a casual counter-service spot. Save room for ice cream next door at Gumdrops and Lollipops.

New Niantic CT restaurant sensation - The Spice Club - tasty potstickers

EAT: The Spice Club Restaurant, Niantic. Thai owners guarantee that the Asian offerings at this great new Niantic restaurant are authentic, but skilled chefs assure that meals are way above average.

View from backyard of Inn at Harbor Hill Marina on Niantic CT River

Where to Stay in New London CT and Niantic, CT

STAY: Inn at Harbor Hill Marina, Niantic. With 16 upscale rooms in two buildings; one with balconies overlooking the lawn and marina, the other with larger lavish chambers and parking lot in foreground of views, you’ll have your choice of accommodations. At sunset on temperate nights, guest take wine to the Adirondack chairs facing the boats and water, or tote a picnic supper to the Gazebo– an idyllic scene. Parking, wi-fi, snacks, soft drinks, baked goods, morning buffet and gourmet hot breakfast in a stately dining room are all included, as are all accoutrements for beach going; beach passes, towels and chairs.  Rooms start at $145 off season and go up to $325 for the largest suite in high season, includes parking, wi-fi, soft drinks, baked goods, gourmet hot breakfast, beach pass.

STAY: SpringHill Suites by Marriott, Waterford. If you’re planning a Niantic/New London Trip and there’s no room at the Harbor Hill Inn (or you’re just not a B&B/Inn kind of person), this newly renovated Marriot nearby is a fine alternative. Rates in the $175-$250 range.

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New London CT is home to the country’s oldest operating Custom House where the Amistad was taken and sold in 1839, our US Coast Guard Academy, and headquarters of the company that makes the Navy’s nuclear submarines. New London also boasts a world-class art museum, Connecticut College, and large ferries that roar multiple times a day to Block Island and Greenport, NY. Getaway Mavens share the best things to do, what to eat, and where to stay. #travel #weekendgetaway #Connecticut
In Category: Beach Vacations, Connecticut, Historic Getaways

Malerie Yolen-Cohen is the Author of the cross-country travel guide, Stay On Route 6; Your Guide to All 3562 Miles of Transcontinental Route 6. She contributes frequently to Newsday, with credits in National Geographic Traveler, Ladies Home Journal, Yankee Magazine,, Sierra Magazine, Porthole, Paddler, New England Boating, Huffington Post, and dozens of other publications. Malerie’s focus and specialty is Northeastern US, and she is constantly amazed by the caliber of restaurants and lodging in the unlikeliest places.

Show 4 Comments
  • Jeanne Sigel April 18, 2014, 12:24 pm Link

    Greetings! If you are planning on updating would you consider including the Garde Arts Center? We have just installed new digital film equipment and plan on offering movies July, August and September (Thursday thru Sunday).
    If you supply me with your email I can include you in all our press and patron eblasts.
    Best regards.
    Jeanne Sigel
    Marketing and Development Director
    Garde Arts Center

  • zoyoyayep January 21, 2017, 10:16 am Link

    Hello, Malerie!!

    I mean it’s a great journey for you with a great experience about Nuclear. Besides your post tell us some new info which helps me to know more.

  • Dawn Harkness March 19, 2017, 11:41 am Link

    Hello Malerie,
    Great article about New London and Niantic! I heartily agree that the Landmarks Walking Tours are fabulous. But since you first wrote this review 2014 , there is a new and fun option in New London: Segway Tours offered by Wheeling City Tours. Our tours offer a fun way to check out the history, culture, and beauty of our corner of the state. I hope the next time you are in New London, you will check us out at

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