WHY GO: Harrisburg PA is a revelation in every sense of the word. The nearly invisible, ignored, mini-metropolis between Pennsylvania’s “only” cities, Philadelphia and Pittsburgh, Harrisburg does not flaunt its natural and manmade beauty. But it should.
Just visit the most magnificent State Capitol Building, and you’ll wonder why the whole world doesn’t know of its beauty. And there’s so much more: river-views, in-your-face Civil War exhibits, Victoriana galore, and our recommended spots to eat and bed down.
Two more ideas as add ons to this Capital Getaway – both 30 minutes away:
York County PA for snack food and Harley Davidson Tours.
Carlisle PA – home to the fantastic US Army Heritage Center Museum.
Best Things to Do in Harrisburg PA
For many years, I believed that the Nebraska State Capitol building was the most beautiful in all the land. But then I visited Harrisburg.
Architect Joseph Huston envisioned Pennsylvania’s Capitol building as a “Palace of Art,” and that’s what he delivered.
When Teddy Roosevelt dedicated the Pennsylvania State House on October 4, 1906, he called it “The handsomest building I ever saw.”
Costing $13 million, it took four years to build and then another 21 years to complete the art and marble work. Overwhelming in the quantity of exquisite details and the in the quality of craftsmanship, the Capitol Building is an epiphany.
Tour the PA Capitol
Take a 30 minute guided tour, offered every half hour – so you don’t miss a thing. Among dozens of other factoids, you’ll learn:
The central Carrera Marble staircase is modeled after the Paris Opera House and the immense 52-million-pound dome replicates that of St. Peter’s Basilica in Rome.
Four murals around the base of the dome depict the “Four Forces of Civilization”: Art, Justice, Science and Religion. The Italian Renaissance House of Representatives room is cloaked in irreplaceable stone from a closed quarry in the Pyrenees.
Stunning stained glass windows weigh 200 lbs each, and four bronze-cast chandeliers are so large a man can stand inside of them (and must, to clean them).
As incredible as the other rooms are, take time in the Supreme Court room. Four “Lawgivers Lamps” feature small bronzes of Moses, Solomon, Aristotle and Solon.
But the piece de resistance is the set of incredible murals by Violet Oakley, the first woman to win such a large and prestigious commission.
Her gilded oils on canvas, done in the first decade of the 1900’s, are a veritable word-search for the ages. She wove the words Love, Law, and Wisdom into her piece depicting Divine Law, and managed to include a portrait of her sister as well.
Oakley’s work, 43 murals in total, can be found throughout the State Capitol building – she serves as a role model for all women in the arts. Guided Tours Mon-Fri 8:30-4, Sat, Sun 9am, 11am, 1pm, 3pm. Free.
VISIT: National Civil War Museum
So many Civil War memorials revolve around a battle, but this Smithsonian Affiliate tells the story of our country’s divisive war from both sides – Union and Confederate.
“A house divided against itself cannot stand,” stated President Lincoln, and this museum does an excellent job depicting the human costs of the conflict. Located at the top of a hill, it affords an incredible view of the river valley.
Plan to spend about two hours here, as you are introduced to several characters, who show up on videos throughout the well-designed exhibits.
The Civil War was a “War of Firsts” – the first use of landmines, the first photos of the dead. So, you can see evidence of these firsts represented in dioramas, artifacts and films. One multi-media diorama illustrates several men at camp, one reading a letter from his wife, another singing.
There’s a life-size replica of the gory death of Lt. Cushing, the bible that General Lee took into battle, mourning badges from Lincoln’s funeral, and shackles and slave bracelets from the early 1800’s. The museum does not shy away from the most unconscionable aspects of history.
Perhaps most engaging is “Meet Mr. Lincoln” – an interactive video Q&A where you can ask Honest Abe questions about his opinions and feelings. My favorite film, though, shows President Franklin D. Roosevelt addressing elderly Civil War vets at the 75th Anniversary of the War in 1938. These now-frail men entranced me, as they were the very last of those who witnessed firsthand brother taking up sword against brother. Mon/Tues, Thurs-Sat 10-5, Wed 10-8, Sun noon-5.
TOUR: Fort Hunter Mansion
I don’t usually go gaga about period home tours, but include this one on your itinerary for sure if you want to be schooled in quirky Victorian rituals. In the modern world, we like sleek, uncluttered spaces, but in the Victorian era, extreme frippery was the order of the day.
45 Minute Traipse Through the Victorian World
A 45 minute traipse through this “Museum of the Victorian Age” introduces you, in the most engaging way, to the world of Helen Reily. Reily was the childless last owner of the Fort Hunter Mansion, who moved in with her husband, John, in 1886 and ran a prosperous dairy farm on the property.
My guide was Julia Chain, a funny, folksy, entertaining MA level historian who began by stating, “One of the failings of house tours is that they focus on dead white guys.”
So Chain’s tour does nothing of the sort. After an introduction to the owners of the home through their portraits by the front door, the house-tour focuses on Helen, an avid collector of pitchers who was also an active, local philanthropist.
“Helen had so many pitchers, she gave them as gifts to friends who brought them back. We used to sell them in the gift shop.”
Step into the parlor, gussied up with a $500 marble fireplace (expensive for the time), a horsehair settee and a portrait of a three-year-old girl in a dress – actually Uncle Henry – wearing what was typical for young boys at the time.
You’ll hear the full sound of a rare copper disc music box, and sit on a couch in the hall to look up at the first “floating staircase” ever built in the region.
Creepy Dolls and Other Quirky Artifacts
Upstairs, the Master bedroom features the best Susquehanna River views, a family Medicine Kit, dowels to push out the inverted fingers of gloves (yes that was a thing), and a stand-alone tub for bathing. “By now, people would bathe once a week rather than once a year.”
A quilting frame stands in the center of the Ladies Sitting Room. “Idle gossip was looked down upon, so women would get together to sew and gossip – no longer idle.”
The creepiest exhibit is a collection of porcelain dolls and an Ouiji board in a hallway closet. The dolls’ complexions are pitted, their eyes witchy-black: a result of finishing wax that has melted off over the years. But disturbing nonetheless.
You’ll see guest rooms, the old kitchen house and grounds, too. You will certainly leave with a greater appreciation for that era in history. Open May-Mid-December, Mansion Tours Tues-Sat 10-4:30, Sun noon-4:30.
The PA National Fire Museum’s motto is, “Give us 90 minutes and well give you the history of the fire service from 1790 to the present.” And what a fun 90 minutes it is. The station was in operation from 1899 until 1980. In 1995, repurposed as this terrific museum, it appears as it did at the turn of last century.
Walk in to the old Reily Hose Co. Hook and Ladder #10 and say hello to Bert and Charlie, fabrications (complete with sound effects) of the real horses that used to pull the fire wagon.
Back in the early 1800’s, Firehouses were essentially privately run and in competition with each other. Whoever got to the fire first got paid.
You’ll learn about this and other little known facts about the early fire service and its equipment.
Horses were well trained to be ready when an alarm came into the firehouse. Chains across each stall released quickly so that the firemen could hitch up the horses in a timely manner.
The Museum also contains the complete Johnstown Gamewell Call System – a communications marvel in the pre-computer era. Yes, this place is kid-heaven. But adults, also, like to see what the interior and underground parts of a fire hydrant looks like, and push buttons to “Sound the Alarm.” Listen to antique fire “alarms” – from a 1873 firebox to, humorously, a gossiping woman on a Party Line. $7, Open Tues-Sat 10-4, Sun 1-4.
WALK: Market Street Bridge
Pedestrians love this old railroad bridge over the Susquehanna River. Pretty and subtly lit at night, I’d recommend it for the view it affords of the series of extremely photogenic stone bridges that cross the river nearby.
VISIT/SHOP: Midtown Scholar Bookstore
What was once the first non-segregated movie house in PA (and then a succession of clothing and antique stores) is now one of America’s largest used academic bookstores.
The New York Times called visiting here “nearly a religious experience.” You’ll see why as you wander through 15,000 sq feet of stacks containing over 100,000 books on several floors.
The maze of a basement goes on and on, extending right beneath the street. It’s where one of the building’s several businesses, Robinson’s Rare Books and Fine Prints, is located.
Owners Eric Papenfuse (Mayor of Harrisburg) and his wife, Kathy wanted to bring vitality back to this depressed area of town, opening this bookstore/coffee bar/café for book clubs, concert-goers, performing artists and discussion groups. A draw, it’s been attracting an influx of young families and artists.
Restaurants in Harrisburg PA
EAT: Home 231
Cute and homespun, this little neighborhood spot is famous for its unique homemade ice cream, house-made Lemonade and farm-raised meats and produce. Go for the terrific salads, like Asparagus Tomato Salad with Chickpeas and Artichokes, sandwiches, and House Veggie Burger.
EAT: Locals also recommend
The Millworks, Greystone Public House, Bricco, and Cork & Fork.
Hotels in Harrisburg PA
STAY: Harrisburg Downtown Hilton Hotel
After a major renovation, bathrooms, stocked with luxurious Peter Thomas Roth products, rival those of trendy boutique hotels. Rooms feature floors and walls of sand-colored travertine marble, rain shower heads (in traditional tub) and contemporary style raised sink bowl. It’s not your typical corporate granite counter bathroom. Bedding is pillow-top comfy. Room rates $159-$400 per night.
STAY: City House B&B
For a more intimate stay, this four-guestroom townhouse overlooking the Susquehanna River has won raves from visitors. Modernized in 2010, it offers “20’s charm” with 21st century amenities. Rooms include breakfast $125-$165.